The disturbance had slowly developed into a tropical depression while hugging the coastline. By March 3, 2009, one group raised $120,000 in relief funds and received another $20,000 in donations. The highest amount was recorded in Bloxham at 9.25 inches (235 mm) which contributed to flash flooding. A late-season hurricane, it set several records for its intensity and formation. Major crop damage took place on Grand Cayman, primarily to bananas, plantains, and peppers, due to high winds. Cayman Brac sustained the most severe impact, with 71 homes destroyed and 912 damaged. The organization also allocated US$8.8 million in relief funds for 60,000 people affected by Paloma. This later expired on November 6 as Paloma moved away from the region. In less than 48 hours, the Civil Defense evacuated more than 1.2 million people. Grand Cayman saw lesser winds, with a peak sustained observation of 60 mph (97 km/h) at Owen Roberts International Airport. The season officially began on June 1, and ended on November 30. [25] Holguín Province was devastated by Hurricane Ike in September with many residents still homeless at the time of Paloma's approach. A significant storm surge also impacted the islands, reaching 8 ft (2.4 m) on Cayman Brac and 4 ft (1.2 m) on Little Cayman. [25] Holguín Province was devastated by Hurricane Ike in September with many residents still homeless at the time of Paloma's approach. [1] The HWRF and GFDL forecast models depicted rapid development of the tropical depression into a Category 3 major hurricane within five days, before striking Cuba,[4] the former of which indicated a peak intensity of 131 mph (211 km/h) and 921 mbar (hPa; 27.20 inHg). Paloma developed out of a strong tropical disturbance off the eastern coast of Nicaragua and northern coast of Honduras on November 5. Telecommunications experienced similar damage, with landline services disrupted for two to three weeks. The low then briefly moved over the Atlantic Ocean before doubling back to the southwest in response to a building ridge farther north. [34], Throughout much of October Central America, was plagued by a series of heavy rain events which resulted in widespread damage and loss of life. [46], In Santa Cruz del Sur where Paloma came ashore, 435 homes were torn to shreds. [30], Although Paloma was not forecast to directly impact Jamaica, officials opened 15 priority shelters in St. James and all agencies were placed under high-alert on November 8. A late-season hurricane, it set several records for its intensity and formation. per hour and huge waves that travelled 1.5 km inland. [17] Schools, businesses, and government offices closed for November 8. On November 8, 2008, Hurricane Paloma ballooned into an extremely dangerous Category 4 hurricane with sustained winds of 230 kilometers per hour (145 miles per hour) and stronger gusts. The 1985 Atlantic hurricane season had 6 U.S. landfalling hurricanes, tied with 1886 and 2020 for the highest number on record. Of these people, 220,000 sought refuge in 1,448 shelters while the rest stayed with relatives. Severe destruction was reported on the island, with winds up to 90 mph (140 km/h) observed in Havana. [21] [23] [24] An estimated 3,000 tourists in Ciego de Avila were brought to shelters. [21] Coincidentally, Paloma threatened the same area where a devastating hurricane in 1932 killed more than 3,000 people almost exactly 76 years prior. It was an above-average season, featuring sixteen named storms, eight of which became hurricanes, and five which further became major hurricanes. The season officially began on June 1 and lasted until November 30. [13], Destructive winds and torrential rains battered both Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, with an unofficial elevated observation station reporting maximum sustained winds of 151 mph (243 km/h) during the height of the storm. Based on data from reconnaissance aircraft, which found flight-level winds 163 mph (262 km/h), Paloma peaked with maximum one-minute sustained winds of 145 mph (230 km/h) at 12:00–18:00 UTC, along with a minimum barometric pressure of 944  mbar (hPa; 27.88  inHg). Major damage took place at Cayman Brac's seaport. [22] Plans were put in place to evacuate 345,000 in Holguín, 324,000 in Granma, 250,000 people in Las Tunas, and 200,000 in Camagüey. The 1998 Atlantic hurricane season was one of the most disastrous Atlantic hurricane seasons on record, featuring the highest number of storm-related fatalities in over 218 years and one of the costliest ever at the time. [50], Local groups in the Cayman Islands set up funds following Hurricane Paloma. [27] He also issued a written statement to the United States rejecting any aid, citing anger toward the ongoing embargo of Cuba, before a formal offer was even made. Hurricane Debby caused minor damage in the Greater and Lesser Antilles in August 2000. Situated along the southwestern edge of a ridge, the depressed initially generally to the north-northwest before turning north-northeast within 12 hours of formation. [30], Although Paloma was not forecast to directly impact Jamaica, officials opened 15 priority shelters in St. James and all agencies were placed under high-alert on November 8. Interaction with land hastened Paloma's weakening with convection diminishing significantly. Noel turned northward, and on November 1, it attained hurricane status. The hurricane later transitioned into an extratropical cyclone over The Bahamas on November 5, before being absorbed by a cold front the following day. 8, "Paloma strengthens, heads toward Caymans", "Hurricane Season 2008: Paloma (Caribbean Sea)", "Hondurans face many months of struggle after deadly floods, UN aid wing says", "Jamaica's Report on the 2008 Hurricane Season", The 2008 Hurricane Season and its Impact on Cuban Agriculture and Trade, Report on the 2008 Hurricane Season in Cuba, "Powerful Paloma roars ashore in Cuba, then weakens 8th Ld-Writethru", "UPDATE 2-Paloma weakens to tropical storm over Cuba", "Paloma leaves scenes of ruin and despair in Cuba", "Four Hurricane Names Retired From List of Storms", "Situation Report 28 – Caribbean Hurricane Season", "Hurricane Paloma: early evacuation saved lives", HPC rainfall page for 2008 Tropical Cyclones, National Hurricane Center's Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hurricane_Paloma&oldid=989777282, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 November 2020, at 23:40. Over 16,500 houses were damaged, and a further 1,860 were destroyed. [13], Flooding was reported in parts of Jamaica as a result of the outer bands of Paloma. The NHC forecast 17L to become a hurricane … While the overall impact to the islands was offset by a lack of damage on Grand Cayman, the localized losses on Cayman Brac and Little Cayman were tremendous. Hurricane Dennis was an early-forming major hurricane in the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico during the record-breaking 2005 Atlantic hurricane season. The system crossed Cuba again and re-emerged over the Caribbean Sea by November 12, changing direction this time to the west and later northwest. The thirteenth named storm and seventh hurricane that year, Michelle developed from a tropical wave that had traversed into the western Caribbean Sea on October 29; the wave had initially moved off the coast of Africa 13 days prior. More than $10 billion in damage and 8 deaths occurred there. [38], Passing directly over the small islands Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, with a collective population of 2,695, Hurricane Paloma wrought tremendous damage. Overall, the total damage from Paloma stands at $454.5 million, with one fatality. In its early developmental stages, the depression meandered over Nicaragua, later paralleling the Mosquito Coast before intensifying into tropical storm intensity on November 1; Michelle was upgraded to hurricane strength the following day. It dissipated later that evening. [33] The warning was allowed to expire the following day as Paloma rapidly weakened over Cuba, [1] and the National Emergency Operations Centre issued an all clear on November 10. The depression eventually crossed the Bahamas and became extratropical. These dates conventionally delimit the period of each year when most tropical cyclones form in the Atlantic basin. [1] Later on November 14, the system moved inland over the Florida Panhandle where a sudden burst of convective development, akin to that of supercell thunderstorms over the Great Plains, took place. The northern eyewall moved ashore around 23:00 UTC while the center itself made landfall at 01:00 UTC on November 9 near Santa Cruz del Sur. Despite the severity of damage, no loss of life or injuries took place. Early on November 8, Paloma continued to intensify and reached Category 4 intensity, and then weakened rapidly into a Category 2 hurricane before making landfall in Santa Cruz del Sur, Cuba. While the overall impact to the islands was offset by a lack of damage on Grand Cayman, the localized losses on Cayman Brac and Little Cayman were tremendous. During the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season there was a total of sixteen named storms: 16 tropical storms, 8 hurricanes and 5 major hurricanes. The storm formed off the coast of Nicaragua on November 5, and became a hurricane the next day. Tropical Storm Barry, Tropical Depressions Six, Nine, and Thirteen, and Hurricanes Erin and Felix caused negligible impact. It was the sixteenth tropical storm, eighth hurricane and fifth major hurricane of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season. Figure 2. Deaths: 21 Damage: $42 million. The storm made landfall along the south coast of Camagüey Province in Cuba early on November 6. Initial intensity is 25kts, and favourable conditions of low shear and warm sea temps should promote steady intensification. The season officially began on June 1 and ended on November 30, though the season's last storm, Otto, dissipated on December 3, extending the season beyond its traditional boundaries. [1] [6] [7], The initial phase of rapid intensification temporarily abated on November 7, though slow strengthening continued. [1][8] A localized area of high ocean heat content bolstered this phase. Hurricane Paloma batters Caymans Late-season Hurricane Paloma strengthened slightly as the Category 3 storm lashed the Cayman Islands with wind and rain, knocking down trees and signs. [26] All domestic flights except those around the Isle of Youth. Unofficial radar observations indicated rainfall totals up to 14 inches (360 mm). [16], At 15:00 UTC on November 6, the Government of the Cayman Islands issued a hurricane watch for all of the territory's islands. The fourth hurricane and third major hurricane of the season, this storm developed from a tropical wave over the Caribbean Sea on September 18. Unofficial radar observations indicated rainfall totals up to 14 inches (360 mm). The overall per capita impact there reached $57,925. The depression strengthened into a tropical storm early on November 6, then a hurricane later that day. A significant storm surge also impacted the islands, reaching 8 ft (2.4 m) on Cayman Brac and 4 ft (1.2 m) on Little Cayman. The first storm, Ana, developed on July 15 near Bermuda and caused minor effects in Canada while transitioning into an extratropical cyclone. [44], After tracking through the Gulf of Mexico, the remnants of Paloma reached the Florida Panhandle on November 14. Precipitation on Cayman Brac amounted to 17.77 in (451 mm) and 6.05 in (154 mm) on Grand Cayman. Bodden Town was the only district on Grand Cayman reporting damage, with 11 homes affected. [46], In Santa Cruz del Sur where Paloma came ashore, 435 homes were torn to shreds. Hurricane Omar, Oct. 15th Accordingly, the National Emergency Operations Centre was partially activated. The season had above average activity, due to the dissipation of the El Niño event and transitioned to La Niña conditions. [1] The HWRF and GFDL forecast models depicted rapid development of the tropical depression into a Category 3 major hurricane within five days, before striking Cuba, [4] the former of which indicated a peak intensity of 131 mph (211 km/h) and 921  mbar (hPa; 27.20  inHg). Many homes and businesses severely damaged. Hurricane Paloma caused heavy damage in both the Cayman Islands and Cuba. [15] The system subsequently degraded to a tropical depression by 18:00 UTC, just 24 hours after being a Category 4 hurricane. The northern eyewall moved ashore around 23:00 UTC while the center itself made landfall at 01:00 UTC on November 9 near Santa Cruz del Sur. 8, "Paloma strengthens, heads toward Caymans", "Hurricane Season 2008: Paloma (Caribbean Sea)", "Hondurans face many months of struggle after deadly floods, UN aid wing says", "Jamaica's Report on the 2008 Hurricane Season", The 2008 Hurricane Season and its Impact on Cuban Agriculture and Trade, Report on the 2008 Hurricane Season in Cuba, "Powerful Paloma roars ashore in Cuba, then weakens 8th Ld-Writethru", "UPDATE 2-Paloma weakens to tropical storm over Cuba", "Paloma leaves scenes of ruin and despair in Cuba", "Four Hurricane Names Retired From List of Storms", "Hurricane Paloma: early evacuation saved lives", HPC rainfall page for 2008 Tropical Cyclones, National Hurricane Center's Atlantic Tropical Weather Outlook. While south of eastern Cuba on August 24, Debby was downgraded to a tropical depression, six hours before completely dissipating. No storm-related deaths were immediately reported. The overall per capita impact there reached $57,925. The disturbance had slowly developed into a tropical depression while hugging the coastline. This was superseded six hours later by a hurricane warning. Thereafter, energy from Paloma may have contributed to a storm that generated deadly tornado outbreak in The Carolinas on November 15. [1] By November 2, a surface trough manifested itself, spurring the development of scattered convection — shower and thunderstorm activity — across the region. A late-season hurricane, it set several records for its intensity and formation. This was superseded six hours later by a hurricane warning. Telecommunications experienced similar damage, with landline services disrupted for two to three weeks. [13], The electrical grid sustained major damage, with all residents on Cayman Brac and Little Cayman losing service. The roof of the Seaman's Center, later determined to have been inadequately built, collapsed during the storm and nearly injured people sheltering within it. [49], Owing to the hurricane's destructive effects in the Cayman Islands and Cuba, the World Meteorological Organization retired the name Paloma in the Spring of 2009 and replaced it with Paulette, which was first used in 2020. Favorable environmental conditions, including low wind shear, allowed for steady intensification following cyclogenesis. [1], Destructive winds were the primary cause of damage across Cayman Brac and Little Cayman, where nearly all homes were affected. Effects on the water supply was negligible, with only a few pipes damaged by uprooted trees. Sign In [1] On November 7, the Red Cross opened a shelter for possible evacuees while stocks of emergency supplies were checked. It also marked the first time that at least one major hurricane formed in every month of the hurricane season from July to November, with only June not having a major hurricane this season. These advisories were discontinued following Paloma's rapid dissipation over land on November 9. ... Pictured: Arisleyda Perez, 35, sits amidst the rubble of houses destroyed by Hurricane Paloma, November 12, 2008 in Santa Cruz del Sur, Cuba. It also marked the first time that at least one major hurricane formed in every month of the hurricane season from July to November, with only June not having a major hurricane this season. It was slightly above average due to a La Niña weather pattern although most of the storms were weak. The 2008 Atlantic hurricane season was the most disastrous Atlantic hurricane season since 2005, causing over 1,000 deaths and nearly $50 billion in damage. Upon moving ashore, Paloma was estimated to have had winds of 100 mph (155 km/h), making it a Category 2 hurricane. Tropical Storm Arthur formed two days early on May 30, 2008. By September 20, the system turned northward and later that day made landfall in Zapata Peninsula, Cuba as a Category 3 hurricane on the modern day Saffir–Simpson hurricane wind scale. Existing user? [13], Between November 18 and December 13, 675 tons of debris was collected which covered an area of 21 acres by 12 ft (3.7 m) tall. [1] By November 2, a surface trough manifested itself, spurring the development of scattered convection  — shower and thunderstorm activity — across the region. Although all home on Little Cayman were affected, none experienced major damage. Two deaths in Grand Cayman. [1] On November 7, the Red Cross opened a shelter for possible evacuees while stocks of emergency supplies were checked. [20], Anticipating hurricane conditions to impact portions of eastern Cuba, the nation's government issued a hurricane watch for the provinces of Camagüey, Ciego de Ávila, Granma, Las Tunas, and Sancti Spíritus at 12:00 UTC on November 7. The government has reported no Paloma-related deaths, but a dissident group said Tuesday one person died in the storm. Paloma was the third [52], The overall impacts from Hurricane Paloma were reflected in the territory's GDP by a 0.9 percent decrease, worth $33 million, in the expected growth for 2008. Due to the development of a Modoki El Niño – a rare type of El Niño in which unfavorable conditions are produced over the eastern Pacific instead of the Atlantic basin due to warmer sea surface temperatures farther west along the equatorial Pacific – activity was above average. Perez was a toddler when she watched as her mother, older sister and about 40 other relatives were swept away in a storm surge during a 1932 hurricane that killed about 3,000 people. It was also the last storm of 2008. It is also considered to be the start of an ongoing era of high-activity tropical cyclone formation. [51] Following the storm, the British Red Cross released £15,000 (US$23,500) in emergency funds. Claudette developed offshore of the Southeastern United States and brushed Bermuda and the Azores. It was the sixteenth tropical storm, eighth hurricane and fifth major hurricane of the 2008 Atlantic hurricane season. Thereafter, energy from Paloma may have contributed to a storm that generated deadly tornado outbreak in The Carolinas on November 15. 1 Hurricane Paloma 10 Nov 2008 16:00 hrs", "Hurricane Paloma prepares to pound Cuba", "Operation USA sending emergency assistance to Cuba and preparing response for Hurricane Paloma", "Tormenta tropical "Paloma" afectará a Honduras", "Paloma sends western Jamaica into high gear", Jamaica's Report on the 2008 Hurricane Season, Honduras and Central America: Floods OCHA Situation Report No.